Romans 1:16-32 Verse by Verse Study
With Greek Word Definitions
of Christ (Christos - meaning Messiah, anointed one)
for it is the power of God (theos - meaning the supreme divinity)
unto salvation (soteria - meaning deliverance or rescue)
to everyone (pas - meaning whosoever or all)
that believeth (pisteuo - meaning believe, have faith and entrust or commit);
to the Jew first and also to the Greek (Hellen - meaning Gentiles).
Romans 1:17 - For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith (pistis - meaning assurance and moral conviction)
to faith: as it is written, The just (dikaios - meaning righteous or holy)
shall live by faith.
of God is revealed (apokalypto - meaning disclosed)
from heaven against all ungodliness (asebeia - meaning impiety and wickedness)
and unrighteousness (adikia - meaning iniquity, wrongdoing, injustice, and moral wrong)
of men who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
Romans 1:19 - Because that which may be known of God is manifest (phaneros - meaning known, openly, externally)
in them; for God hath shewed (phaneroo - meaning rendered apparent, revealed and/or manifestly declared)
it unto them.
Romans 1:20 - For the invisible (aoratos - meaning invisible)
things of him from the creation (ktisis - meaning original formation)
of the world (kosmos - meaning the world including its inhabitants)
are clearly seen (kathorao - distinctly apprehended),
being understood (noeo - perceived or comprehended)
by the things that are made, even his eternal (aidios - meaning everlasting or everduring)
power (dynamis - meaning power, strength, force and might)
and Godhead (theiotes - meaning Divinity);
so that they are without excuse (anapologetos - meaning inexcusable and indefensible).
Romans 1:21 - Because that, when they knew (learned, perceived or understood)
God, they glorified (doxazo - meaning honored or magnified)
him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain (mataioo - meaning vain, wicked or idolatrous)
in their imaginations (dialogismos - meaning reasonings,thoughts, and/or discussions),
and their foolish heart was darkened.
Romans 1:22 - Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools (moraino - meaning simpletons),
Romans 1:23 - And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image (eikon meaning a likeness)
made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.
Romans 1:24 - Wherefore God gave them up to uncleanness (akatharsia - meaning impurity, physical or moral uncleanness)
through the lusts (epithymia - meaning concupscience, desire and lust)
OF THEIR OWN HEARTS, to dishonor (atimazo - meaning entreat shamefully, despise, and dishonor)
their bodies between themselves;
Romans 1:25 - Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshiped (sebazomai - meaning venerated and or adored)
and served (latreuo - rendered homage to or served)
the creature (ktisis - meaning creation)
more than the Creator, who is blessed (eulogetos - adored) forever. Amen.
Romans 1:26 - For this cause God gave them up unto VILE (atimia - meaning dishonorable, shameful and vile)
AFFECTIONS (pathos - meaning concupiscence, passion and lust);
for even their women did change the NATURAL USE (two Greek words psysikos and chresis - meaning instinctive sexual intercourse)
into that which is AGAINST NATURE (two Greek words para and physis - meaning contrary to nature, constitution, disposition or production);
Romans 1:27 - And likewise also the men, leaving the NATURAL USE (same as in the case of women above)
of the woman, BURNED IN THEIR LUST (four Greek words ekkaio, en,hautou and orexis meaning inflamed deeply in the excitement of their mind)
one toward another; men with men working that which is UNSEEMLY (aschemosyne meaning shameful or indecent),
and receiving in themselves that recompence of their ERROR (plane - meaning delusion fraudulence deceit and error)
which was meet (dei - meaning necessary).
Romans 1:28 - And even as THEY DID NOT LIKE (dokimazo - meaning allow, approve, discern and refuse)
TO RETAIN (echo - hold and/or keep),
GOD IN THEIR KNOWLEDGE (epignosis - meaning knowledge and full discernment or acknowledgement),
God gave them over to a REPROBATE (adokimos - meaning worthless, rejected, reprobate)
MIND, to do those things which are not convenient (katheko - meaning fit or fitting);
Romans 1:29 - Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication (porneia -meaning harlotry, adultery, incest and spiritual idolatry),
wickedness (poneria - meaning depravity and iniquity),
covetousness (greed covetousness and extortion),
maliciousness (kakia - meaning malice and evil),
full of envy (phthonos - meaning jealousy),
murder, debate (eris - meaning quarrel, strife, variance and contention),
deceit, malignity (kakoetheia - meaning bad character);
Romans 1:30 - Backbiters (katalalos - meaning slanderers),
haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
Romans 1:31 - Without understanding (asynetos - meaning unintelligent and foolish), covenantbreakers, without natural affection (astorgos - meaning hard-hearted towards kindred), implacable, unmerciful,
of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death (thanatos - meaning death), not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
C. R. Lord 2015
Further Scriptures For Consideration
Leviticus 18:22 - "Thou shalt not lie with mankind as with womankind; it is abomination."
Leviticus 20:13 - "If a man also lie with mankind as he lieth with womankind; both of them have committed an abomination. They shall surely be put to death, their blood shall be upon them."